Chrome, an amazing browser in my opinion, caches like no other browser. It's difficult to work with some things as Chrome can relentlessly cache the page/media/redirects/etc.
I have seen Chrome cache error pages. Specifically, I put up a page and tried to browse it on my site. I typed in the wrong filename when uploading. So when I tried to browse to the correct URL, it gave me a 404. Reuploaded with correct name, still 404. Tried Firefox, page displayed. I had to close Chrome and CTRL + F5 to get the page to display.
Chrome also likes to cache page redirects. If you use Wordpress, you know it has the siteurl option. If you set that, and browse to the wordpress site on something other than the siteurl, it will redirect you to the siteurl. If you change that siteurl, and go to that initial URL that redirected you, it will redirect you to the old siteurl. This one still haunts me as you can't CTRL + F5 a redirect.